Expository Midrash to the first book of the Pentateuch, assigned by tradition to the amora Hoshaiah, commonly Osha’yah, who flourished in the third century in Palestine. The Midrash forms a haggadic commentary on the whole of Genesis, in keeping with the character of the Midrashic exegesis demanded by that age. In a continuous sequence, broken only toward the end, the Biblical text is expounded verse for verse, often word forword; only genealogic passages, and such as furnish no material for exposition as the reiterated account of Abraham’s servant in Gen. The Bereshit Rabbah contains many simple explanations of words and sentences, often in the Aramaic language, suitable for the instruction of youth; and also the most varied haggadic expositions popular in the public lectures of the synagogues and schools. According to the material or the sources at the disposal of the editor of the Midrash, he has strung together various longer or shorter explanations and haggadic interpretations of the successive passages, sometimes anonymously, sometimes citing the author. Again, he adds to the running commentary longer haggadic disquisitions or narratives, connected in some way with the verse in question, or with one of the explanations of it—a method not unusual in the Talmud and in other Midrashim. The first chapters of Genesis, on the creation of the world and of man, naturally furnished especially rich material for this mode of exegesis. Whole sections are devoted to comments upon one or two verses of the text. Many references to contemporary philosophical thought are made with the purpose of refuting the opinions of the heretics.
Confronting Creation: How Judaism Reads Genesis: An Anthology of Genesis Rabbah
Oshaya Rabbah so named after its opening sentence, “R. Oshaya Rabbah took up the text…” Gen. This explanation is superior to the suggestion that it was so called in order to distinguish it from the biblical Book of Genesis of which it is an expansion rabbah means “great”.
In the creation account in Genesis, God says, “Let us make man in our image” impacts upon them (Midrash Genesis Rabbah , Rashi, Targum Yonatan).
And they say: ‘Tales of the ancients which he has caused to be written The charge of borrowing ancient materials and composing the Qur’an is, contrary to popular view among the Christians, not new. It is as old as the revelation of the Qur’an. In fact the above quotation is from the Qur’an itself! Some have claimed that a text known as Midrash Genesis Rabbah is the source of Qur’anic narrative of Abraham and idols as recounted in Surahs and This claim was first made by Abraham Geiger  and subsequently repeated by Tisdall  and other polemicists:.
It has been shown by Geiger and also by Tisdall that the source of the Koranic and traditional account lies in the Jewish Midrash Rabbah. But the Midrashic and the Muslim sources are at variance with the biblical account. In Genesis we simply learn that Nimrod is the grandson of Ham, and that he founded the great empire. In the Muslim and Midrashic story, Abraham is punished for having destroyed the idols worshipped by the people of Nimrod.
He is thrown into a fire but emerges unscathed. Similar claims have been by J. Coplestone,  Norman Geisler and Abdul Saleeb.
This page is a stub. Please contact us if you would like to assist in its development. Bereshit Rabbah Names Bereshit Rabbah. Moshe Maimonides attributes a commentary on Sefer Bereshit to R. Hoshaya 3rd century , 5 it appears that the Midrash was not compiled before the 5th century. Rashi Bereshit About R.
(Genesis Rabbah), including the lost Jewish tradition preserved by Jerome. contained in this collection are considered to date back to more ancient times.
Enter your mobile number or email address below and we’ll send you a link to download the free Kindle App. Then you can start reading Kindle books on your smartphone, tablet, or computer – no Kindle device required. To get the free app, enter your mobile phone number. Genesis Rabbah , the earliest rabbinic commentary on Genesis, was composed in Roman Palestine around the 5th century CE.
In this volume, an international team of scholars explores the literary formation and textual transmission of this work in late antiquity, and the historical, cultural, religious, and political contexts from which it emerged. Some essays study the multi-layered nature of this text, the relationship of the traditions within the collection to one another and to other compositions, its redaction, its manuscript history, and the interpretive strategies it applies to biblical verses.
Other essays explore how the midrash engages with Greco-Roman literature, competing theological and exegetical ideas found in contemporary Christian works, and other genres of Jewish literature. The collection aims to advance scholarly conversations about the classical rabbinic corpus; midrash; religions of late antiquity; interactions between Jews, Christians, and others in the Greco-Roman world; and the reception of Genesis Rabbah in medieval and modern times. Read more Read less. Kindle Cloud Reader Read instantly in your browser.
Parashat Bamidbar 5760/2000
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Bereshith Rabba also called Genesis Rabbah. This text dates from the sixth century C.E. A midrash on Genesis, it offers explanations of words and sentences.
Jump to navigation. Although Genesis Rabbah was compiled in the early fifth century, after the Christianization of Rome, that development does not seem to be a factor in the identification of Esau with Rome in this passage see Yuval, Two Nations in Your Womb , p. Significantly, this midrash presents these two entities in identical terms, without mention of moral, hierarchical or power-related differences.
Neither does this text explicitly describe the tension or competition which appear subsequently, in both Genesis 25 and Parashah This midrash shows no indication of a contrast between these two worlds, kingdoms, or their monarchs. The midrash explains that these two nations, Israel and Rome, are loathed by all other peoples. This observation does not explicitly explain why Yuval dates this teaching to the third century except, perhaps, for an assumption that subsequent generations experienced an intensified tension with Rome, as it became Christian.
This presentation of Rome and Israel as two proud or exalted nations that are universally hated is very interesting, especially given their depiction as siblings. Whereas other traditions in this parashah comment on the latter portion of Gen. Log in Create an account.
Genesis and Judaism: The Perspective of Genesis Rabbah
The history of Torah is one of interpretation. Every seemingly superfluous letter, unclear transition and difficult phrase invites discussion, explanation and elaboration. These texts offer a glimpse of the ways that people of various times and places have grappled to understand the biblical text and to make it meaningful for their own lives.
Collections that contain mostly stories, parables, and homilies are classified as midrash aggadah , while collections focused primarily on the derivation of law are called midrash halakhah.
Genesis Rabbah. Genesis Rabbah is a Palestinian exegetical midrash, written in Hebrew and Aramaic. It dates, in its final redacted form, to the fifth century CE.
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and ninth centuries these compilationsGenesis Rabbah is perhaps the oldest, and from Philo on the sole basis of the Midrash’s later date of compilation.
Ruth Rabbah is an exegetical Midrash which expounds the Book of Ruth chapter by chapter, verse by verse, and, sometimes, word by word. It is a compilation, made by the redactor, of various expositions. In the printed versions, the Midrash is divided into eight sections with introductory poems. Actually there are only four sections, each introduced by a poem or poems, the division being as follows:. The work has apparently a total of ten proems, these being of the classical type found in amoraic Midrashim, in that they commence with an extraneous verse, taken usually from the Hagiographa, which is expounded and then connected with the one treated at the beginning of the section.
While some of the proems are anonymous, others are stated in the name of a sage. The first original section concludes with an assurance and consolation in the printed versions, at the end of section 3. It also contains many Greek words. The sages mentioned in the Midrash flourished not later than the end of the fourth century C. Since, however, it drew on Pesikta de-Rav Kahana , it is difficult to assign the compilation of Ruth Rabbah to a date prior to the sixth century C.
Ruth Rabbah , first published at Pesaro in together with the four Midrashim on the other Scrolls to which it bears no relation , has often been reprinted on the basis of this editio princeps. The printed versions are quite defective. Zunz-Albeck, Derashot, , ; H.
Genesis Rabbah 63:7
Sarah , the first of the four Matriarchs, has come to symbolize motherhood for the entire world, and not only for the people of Israel. The A type of non-halakhic literary activitiy of the Rabbis for interpreting non-legal material according to special principles of interpretation hermeneutical rules. The changing of her name from Sarai was her reward for her good deeds, and attests to her designation as a Sarah i.
By merit of her good deeds, the people of Israel would merit certain boons; thus, for example, Israel received the manna in the wilderness by merit of the cakes that Sarah prepared for the angels. Sarah is described as preeminent in the household. Abraham was ennobled through her, and subordinated himself to her; God commanded him to heed his wife, because of her prophetic power.
This paper is a comparison of narrative in Genesis and Midrash Genesis Rabbah, using as a sample each text’s version of the story of Cain and Abel. The paper.
Genesis Rabbah , systematic exegesis of the book of Genesis produced by the Judaic sages about ce , which sets forth a coherent and original account of that book. In Genesis Rabbah the entire narrative is formed so as to point toward the sacred history of Israel , meaning the Jewish people—their slavery and redemption; their coming Temple in Jerusalem; and their exile and salvation at the end of time.
The deeds of the founders supply signals for the children about what is to come. Genesis Rabbah. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica Encyclopaedia Britannica’s editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree See Article History.